Gas flaring, an Environmental pollutant you don't know it's capabilities - Premiumstech: Tech News, How-Tos, Science and Health Tips



Gas flaring, an Environmental pollutant you don't know it's capabilities

Gas flaring can be defined as the combustion of natural gas that is associated with crude oil when it is pumped up from the ground. Or gas flaring is when gaseous waste products and sometimes even non-waste gases produced are routed to an elevated vertical chimney called a gas flare and burnt off at its tip. The natural gases mostly flared are not needed, they are unwanted gases.
It is widely believed that Gas flaring in oil rigs and wells contribute significantly to greenhouse gases in our atmosphere .
Hazards caused by gas flaring especially to those residing around the area in which these gases are flared up is numerous to mention. The burning of fossil fuel, mainly coal, oil and gas-greenhouse gases-has led to warming up the world and is projected to get much, much worse during the course of the 21st century according to the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC).
 Gas flaring contributes to climate change by emission of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas.
Statistics has shown that acid rain is caused by gas flaring and the primary causes of acid rain are emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NO) which combine with atmospheric moisture to form sulfuric acid and nitric acid respectively.
Acid rain acidifies lakes and streams and damages vegetation. In addition, acid rain accelerates the decay of building materials and paints.
The implication of gas flaring on human health are all related to the exposure of those hazardous air pollutants emitted during incomplete combustion of gas flare. These pollutants are associated with a variety of adverse health impacts, including cancer, neurological, reproductive and developmental effects. Deformities in children, lung damage and skin problems have also been reported.

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